Gina Papalexiou studied Philosophy at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, MS, Phd (Thesis: “Theory and Knowledge in Plato’s Theaetetus”). The subjects of her teaching at the University and research activity are: Ancient Greek Philosophy, Epistemology, Ontology, Ethics, Political Philosophy, Philosophy of Education. She has authored and published three research monographies – books (Minor Platonics, 2009, Plato’s Theaetetus, introduction, translation, commentary, 2015, Introduction to Presocratic Ontology, 2015) and she has published papers and articles in Greek and foreign scientific journals. She participates in international and global conferences. She participates in the formation of the Pilot Programme of Educational Broadcasting TV (experiential and interactive nature) of the Ministry of Education.
The Ultimate Aim of Education in Aristotle
Aristotle generally distinguishes three kinds of knowledge: theoretical, practical and poetic and considers supreme practical science the policy. Ethics is part of this science. This is the reason that Nicomachean Ethics precede Politics. The ultimate aim of the policy is the welfare (eudaimonia) of the people, the highest of all goods. The welfare is an active situation and not passive, and is a result of education. According to Aristotle, the virtuous and great people are formed by nature, habit and logic. The ethos and habit connection already done in Nicomachean Ethics. But logic is that can change the thinking and action of man. He can do everything with the power of logic, and act against nature and habit, if have been convinced that it is preferable to do otherwise. And the logic is a matter of education.
Salle II, 2h05, 20 minutes